Training Solaris 10 Systems Administration Part 1 – 5 days

Class overview :

This five-day course is designed to cover the essential administration tasks confronting today’s Sun systems administrators. It covers all basic workstation administration functions, with full hands-on experience at all stages.

Class goals :

Administering Solaris systems involves many standard tasks including; starting and shutting down a system, managing printers and performing regular backups. Delegates taking this course will gain the necessary knowledge and skills to perform these tasks.

The delegates will practise:

  • Using the Solaris Desktops
  • Local System Administration with Solaris Management Console (SMC)
  • Configuring the Openboot Firmware
  • Managing Boot Procedures with GRUB
  • Startup and Shutdown Procedures
  • Managing Services with the Service Management Facility (SMF)
  • Installing the Solaris Operating system
  • Software Package Administration
  • Maintenance Of Patches
  • Disk Management and Partitioning
  • File System Management
  • ZFS
  • File Security and ACLs
  • User and Group Management
  • Accessing Remote Systems
  • Backup And Recovery
  • Managing the Print Environment
  • Managing Processes

Content of Solaris 10 Systems Administration Part 1

Course Introduction

  • Administration and Course Materials
  • Course Structure and Agenda
  • Delegate and Trainer Introductions

Accessing the Solaris Operating System

  • Solaris Desktops
  • Solaris Desktop Administration Tools
  • Main Features and Usage of SMC

Boot Procedures

  • Openboot interface
  • Openboot parameters
  • Device names and aliases
  • Openboot diagnostics
  • Boot Options
  • Boot Device Sequence with BIOS
  • Booting with GRUB
  • Exercise: Setting Openboot parameters and Boot options

Startup and Shutdown Procedures

  • Boot Phases
  • init
  • System run levels
  • inittab file
  • Run control scripts
  • Adding a run control script
  • Disabling a run control script
  • System shutdown
  • The shutdown command
  • The init command
  • The halt/poweroff commands
  • The reboot command
  • The stop-a command
  • Exercise: Creating a run control script

Service Management Facility

  • Basic Features
  • The SMF Environment
  • SMF and Booting
  • SMF Environmental Structures
  • Service States
  • Managing Services
  • Listing Services with svcs and inetadm
  • Managing the State of a Service with svcadm
  • Configuring a Service with svccfg
  • Managing the State of inetd Network Services with inetadm
  • Exercise: Listing and Managing the State of Services

Installing the Solaris Operating System

  • Installation requirements
  • System configuration for servers and clients
  • Partitions and multiple disks
  • Software terminology
  • Packages, Clusters and Groups
  • Configuration cluster
  • Definition of Installation methods
    • Web Start
    • Interactive
    • Jumpstart
    • Flash
    • Live Upgrade
  • Interactive Installation Process
  • Installation from CD/DVD
  • Exercise: Installing a Solaris System (possibly, optional at the end of the course)

Software Package Information

  • Documentation Packages
  • Configuration clusters
  • Tools for managing software
  • Displaying current software package information
  • Checking the installation of a package
  • Adding software packages using a CDROM device
  • Removing software packages
  • Package logfiles
  • Exercise: Removing, adding and listing a Package

Maintenance of Patches

  • Maintenance of patches and patch clusters
  • Verification of currently installed patches
  • Installing a patch on the system
  • Removing a patch from the system
  • Patch logfiles
  • Exercise: Installing and listing a Patch

Connection Services

  • Sun Connection Services Overview
  • The smpatch command
  • The Update Manager

Disk Management

  • Displaying disk information
  • Partitions/Slices
  • Naming conventions
  • Physical device names
  • Instance name
  • Logical device names
  • Block and character devices
  • Configuring new disk devices
  • Partitioning the disk with the format command and Solaris
  • Management Console
  • Making a new partition
  • Exercise: Configuring and listing a disk slice

File System Management

  • Disk based file systems
  • Main root sub-directories
  • Pseudo file systems
  • Components of a ufs file system
  • Boot block
  • Superblocks
  • Inodes
  • Data disk blocks
  • Ulimit parameter
  • File types
  • Symbolic and Hard links
  • Creating file systems
  • The newfs command
  • The mount command
  • The umount command
  • The vfstab file
  • The mnttab file
  • Filesystem checking
  • Determining if a file system needs checking
  • Running fsck manually
  • The lost+found directories
  • Automounting CDs and floppies (Volume Management)
  • Checking free disk space
  • The df command
  • The quot command
  • The du command
  • Freeing disk space
  • Freeing up disk space with compression utilities
  • Rotating files with logadm
  • Exercise: Managing file systems, newfs, mount etc.

ZFS

  • ZFS – A Basic Description
  • Requirements
  • Main Features
  • ZFS Tools
  • Managing ZFS Pools with zpool
  • Pool Storage Devices
  • Pool Configuration Features
  • Creating and Deleting (‘Destroying Pools’)
  • Managing File Systems with ZFS
  • Creating and Destroying a File System
  • Snapshots and Clones
  • ZFS Properties
  • Read-Only Native Properties
  • Settable Native Properties
  • ZFS GUI Interface
  • Exercise: Creating and managing a ZFS system

File Security and ACLS

  • ACLs (Access Control Lists)
  • The setfacl command
  • The getfacl command
  • The ACL mask
  • Exercise: Setting and Viewing ACLs

User Management

  • User accounts
  • Files used in creating a user – the passwd, group and shadow files
  • Adding a user
  • Changing user details
  • Deleting a user
  • User group maintenance
  • Password administration
  • Password command
  • Local Login control
  • Remote Login control
  • Login logs
  • User communication
  • The wall command
  • The message of the day
  • Controlling the amount of disk space accessible to users using quotas
  • Exercise: Creating and listing users and groups

Backup and Recovery

  • Backup overview
  • Backup policy
  • Backup and restore utilities overview
  • Tape device names
  • The mt utility – retentsion, rewind, space forward or backward and status
  • The ufsdump and ufsrestore utilities
  • ufs snapshots
  • Exercise: Backing up and restoring /export/home

Managing The Print Environment

  • The print service
  • Print service files
  • Hardware setup – ethernet, parallel & serial
  • Printer configuration with Solaris Print Manager
  • Printer configuration with lpadmin
  • Line printer commands – lpshut, lpsched, accept, reject, enable, disable, lpmove lpusers, lpstat, lp, cancel
  • Printing from copies of files
  • Stopping banner output
  • Exercise: Configuring and managing printer queues

Managing Processes

  • Introduction to Process Management
  • The ps command
  • The prstat command
  • The process manager application
  • The kill command
  • Using the cron processes
  • Cron files
  • Creating crontab entries
  • Amending existing crontab files
  • Crontab command options
  • The at command
  • Exercise:
    • Monitoring and managing processes
    • Setting up cron batch files
Solaris 10 Systems
Training Solaris 10 Systems

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